Glympton

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History of the Glympton/Clinton Name

In 1066 Duke William of Normandy came to claim England and brought many French nobles with him.  Three of them were the sons of Raoul de Tancarville, Chamberlain of Normandy. After the battle of Hastings, the youngest son was given the land around the village of Glympton, on the river Glyme, about 15 km NW of Oxford. The son took Glympton as the family name. About sixty years later, about 1130, the family name was changed to Clinton.  (DAR Library, History of the Clintons.)  In England, Clintons have been in many areas of government, nobility, and local service. Some historical notes are in the final section below.

 

In the U.S. Clintons have served at many local and state levels of government and as vice-president of the United States.  William Jefferson Blyth changed his name to that of  his step-grandfather Clinton and as William Clinton became the 43rd president of the U.S.

 

Our six generations are: Stephen Michael Clinton's (born Aug 21, 1944 Wichita KS) father was Thomas Francis Clinton (born June 11, 1921 Wichita KS; died Apr 20, 1950 Lawrence  KS), who was the son of Sylvester J. Clinton (born in Drogheda, Ireland, August 25th 1885; died Apr 28, 1956 Wichita KS), who is the son of Thomas Clinton of Liverpool.  Steve's sons are Matthew Walter Clinton and Michael Alan Clinton.  Michael has one son, Nicholas Ryan Clinton. Steve's daughter is Shanna Michelle Clinton.

 

 

Glympton, a village in Oxfordshire. This name was prominent in medieval Irish records such as the Calender of Documents (1171-1307), the Justiciary Rolls (1295-1314), the Ormond Deeds (1419-1603) and the Chancery Rolls (1538-1629). Three Clintons appear in the lists of Jacobite outlawries, while twenty-two are mentioned in the Dowdall Deeds (1250-1691). Stephen Clinton from Clintonstown is recorded amongst those whose lands were confiscated in the barony of Ferrard, Co. Louth under the Cromwellian settlement of 1657. Later records include Thomas Clinton, who is recorded amongst the List of Proprietors in Ireland whose estates were confiscated and sold at Chichester House, Dublin in 1702 and 1703. Families of this name were also established in other parts of the country, notably in County Kilkenny.  http://www.hrc.sk/historia_znamych.htm

From Burkes-peerage.net :

CLINTON   THE 22ND LORD (Baron) CLINTON(Gerard Nevile Mark FANE later FANE TREFUSIS (deed poll 1959), JP (Bideford 1963), DL (Devon 1977)) [The Rt Hon The Lord Clinton DL, Heanton Satchville, Okehampton, Devon EX20 3QE]; b 7 Oct 1934; Lineage: GEOFFREY de CLINTON; Treasurer and Ld Chamberlain to HENRY I

THE 19TH EARL OF LINCOLN (Robert Edward Fiennes-Clinton) [The Rt Hon The Earl of Lincoln, PO Box 8223, Warnbro, WA 6169, Australia]; b 19 June 1972; s gf 2001  Lineage: EDWARD CLINTON alias FIENNES, 9th LORD (Baron) CLINTON (qv) and 1st Earl of Lincoln (E), so cr 4 May 1572; had by his 2nd w.

 

The Complete History:

Geoffrey de Clinton (d. c. 1134) was an Anglo-Norman noble, chamberlain and treasurer to King Henry I of England. He was foremost amongst the men king Henry "raised from the dust".[1]. He married Lescelina. Clinton's family surname probably derives from the village of Glympton in Oxfordshire.[2], though the family ultimately derived from Saint-Pierre-de-Semilly (Manche, arr. St. Lô, canton St.-Clair) in western Normandy.[3]

It appears that Clinton spent some years as a minor official of the king's, until the 1118 fall of the treasurer Herbert camerarius, who was accused of plotting against the king. By 1120 Clinton had taken his place. Not too long afterwards Clinton was appointed sheriff of Warwickshire (by 1121), to act as counterweight to the Earl of Warwick, Roger de Beaumont, who Henry I did not trust. The 1122 rebellion of Roger's cousin Waleran de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Worcester increased the king's suspicions still further, and he compelled Roger to grant Clinton a substantial part of his Warwickshire domains.[4] Clinton further secured his position by starting work on the great castle of Kenilworth, only two miles from the earl's central fortress at Warwick.[5]Clinton received other land grants from Henry I, and he used his position of political influence to enrich himself in other ways[6]. In sum his total wealth was just below the level of the greatest magnates of the kingdom.[7] He had enough to spend 2,000 pounds to insure his nephew Roger de Clinton's election as Bishop of Coventry.[8]

Baron Clinton is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1298 for John de Clinton. The peerage was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines. The first Baron's great-great-great-grandson, the fifth Baron, fought on the Yorkist side in the Wars of the Roses. He was attainted in 1461 but late restored to his title. His great-great-grandson, the ninth Baron, was created Earl of Lincoln in 1572. The titles remained united until the death of his great-great-great-grandson, the fifth Earl, in 1692. The earldom was inherited by the late Earl's cousin, the sixth Earl (see the Earl of Lincoln for later history of this title) while the barony fell into abeyance between his aunts.

The abeyance was terminated in 1721 in favour of Hugh Fortescue, the fourteenth Baron. In 1746 he was created Baron Fortescue, of Castlehill in the County of Devon, with remainder to his half-brother Matthew, and Earl Clinton, with remainder to the heirs male of his body. Lord Clinton was childless and on his death the earldom of Clinton became extinct while he was succeeded in the barony of Fortescue according to the special remainder by his half-brother, the second Baron (see the Earl Fortescue for later history of this title). The barony of Clinton, however, was passed on to the late Earl's cousin Margaret Walpole, the fifteenth holder. She was the widow of Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford. She was succeeded by her son, the third Earl and sixteenth Baron. He was childless and on his death the earldom passed to his uncle, the fourth Earl (see the Earl of Orford for later history of this title), while the barony of Clinton became dormant.

It was successfully claimed in 1794 by the late Earl's kinsman Robert George William Trefusis, the seventeenth Baron. He was a descendant of Lady Arabella, second daughter of the fourth Earl of Lincoln. His younger son, the nineteenth Baron, notably represented Callington in the House of Commons. He was succeeded by his son, the twentieth Baron. He served as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1867 to 1868 in the Conservative administrations of the Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and was also Lord Lieutenant of Devonshire. In 1867 Lord Clinton assumed by Royal license the additional surnames of Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes, which were those of his father-in-law.

His son, the twenty-second Baron, held minor office in the coalition government of David Lloyd George and served as Lord Warden of the Stannaries. On his death in 1957 the barony fell into abeyance between his two daughters Hon. Harriet and Hon. Fenella. The abeyance was terminated in 1965 in favour of Gerald Neville Mark Fane Trefusis, the twenty-third and (as of 2007) present holder of the title. He is the only son of Captain Charles Nevile Fane (who was killed in the Second World War), eldest son of the aforementioned Hon. Harriet. Lord Clinton had already in 1958 assumed by deed poll the additional surname of Trefusis.  The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Charles Patrick Rolle Fane-Trefusis (b. 1962).  The Heir Apparent's Heir Apparent is his son Edward Charles Rolle Fane-Trefusis (b. 1994).

 

The surname "Chamberlain" was indeed originally a title, and a very distinguished one at that, more than 1000 years ago. For instance, you mentioned "John Earl was LORD CHAMBERLAIN to King Henry I, England." I have his name listed here as John de Tancarville, who was Lord Chamberlain to King Henry I of England, who reigned between 1100-1135. John was probably a son of William Fitz Ralph de Tancarville, who came with Duke William "The Conqueror" to England, then returned. William's father, Ralph (Fitz Ralph) was said to have been the mentor and companion of Duke William in his youth, and it is said that "Le Chamberlain de Tancarville was at Senlac Hill, near Hastings, during the great battle there on 14 Oct 1066. The next generation on back, Ralph Fitz Gerold, or "Raoul le Chamberlain", also called "Radulfus Camerarius filius Geroldi" in Latin, was the guardian of Duke William, and also went with him to Hastings [I question whether all of these Chamberlains indeed went with William the Conqueror to England, but perhaps they did]. Gerold, the next generation on back (who died c1056), was also probably the Chamberlain to the earlier Dukes of Normandy. The generations before that lived at Tancarville Castle in Hauteville, Normandy, and were probably also attached to the household of the Dukes of Normandy. Tancred de Hauteville I, a Viking descendant, received the Lower Seine River fief from "Hrolfr" (850-927) in 912, subsequently called Tancarville. Hrolfr was a Norwegian Viking who obtained the Dukedom of Normandy from Charles III of France in 911.    http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/surnames.chamberlin/231.1/mb.ashx